Advanced Foundation Engineering

geotechnical engineer designs foundations to have the with the limited settlemnt
foundations also is designed structurally by structural engineer settlement and bearing capacity are primary design concerns It is necessary that a foundation is not loaded beyond its bearing capacity or the foundation will "fail". when water in the ground freezes to form ice lenses Frost heave occurs when flowing water removes supporting soil from around a foundation (like a pier supporting a bridge over a river). Scour occurs