Land Development and Subdivision

Land development is the process of converting land from one use to another, and is
typically applied to residential, commercial, agricultural, and industrial lands. Land development process involves many entities including, but not limited to the land use planner, landscape architect, civil engineer, land surveyor, developer, realtor, and land owner.

From an engineering and design perspective, the land surveyor and the civil engineer are essential parts of this process, as they are usually the first to arrive at the site and the last to leave the site after the completion of the development.

Some of the major components of land development and subdivision design include street design, sidewalk and trail design, storm-water drainage design, water distribution systems design, sewage collection design, on-site and off-site sewage treatment design, utility systems and easements, erosion and sediment control design, lot and open space grading, and installation of survey monuments and markers (Dewberry and Davis, 1996).

With rapid environmental concerns and issues in modern societies, robust and efficient land development practices and management are increasingly more vital in community development